Rawhide release & package build

This guide describes how one create a new Anaconda release, from release commit to a new build in Koji. While aimed primarily on core Anaconda developers and package maintainers doing official release and package build, it could very well be useful for other use cases, such as for scratch builds or creation of custom Anaconda packages. In that case just ignore all section that require you to be an Anaconda maintainer or developer. :)

  1. prerequisites

  • you need an up to date anaconda source code checkout

  • if there is an active Fedora devel branch, merge it with git merge --no-ff f<version>-devel

  • it is recommended to make the release on a fresh clone (prevent you from pushing local work into the upstream repository)

  • you need to have commit access to the anaconda repository (so that you can push release commits)

  • you need to have write access to the https://github.com/rhinstaller/anaconda-l10n localization repository

  • you need to have the rpmbuild or mock and fedpkg tools installed

  • you need to have the Fedora Kerberos based authentication setup

  • you need to have committer access to the anaconda package on Fedora distgit

Using rpmbuild path

This is more standard and stable way to make Anaconda release. The drawback of this method is you need to have everything installed locally so you are required to install a lot of dependencies to your system. For the mock environment way see mock path below.

  1. do any changes that are needed to anaconda.spec.in

vim anaconda.spec.in
  1. do a release commit

./scripts/makebumpver -c
  1. check the commit and tag are correct

  2. push the master branch to the remote

git push master --tags
  1. configure anaconda

make clean
  1. create tarball

make release
  1. copy tarball to SOURCES

cp anaconda-*.tar.bz2 ~/rpmbuild/SOURCES/
  1. create SRPM

rpmbuild -bs --nodeps anaconda.spec
  1. if you don’t have it yet checkout Anaconda from Fedora distgit, switch to the rawhide branch & make sure it’s up to date

cd <some folder>
fedpkg clone anaconda
cd anaconda
fedpkg switch-branch rawhide
git pull
  1. switch to Fedora distgit folder and import the SRPM

fedpkg import ~/rpmbuild/SRPMS/anaconda-<version>.src.rpm
  1. this will stage a commit, check it’s content and commit

  • Do not forget to replace the <new-version> with correct version!!

fedpkg commit --with-changelog --message "New version <new-version>"
  1. push the update

fedpkg push
  1. start the build

fedpkg build
  1. check repository on path returned by the above command and push if it’s correct

Upcoming Fedora release & package build

Creating and anaconda release and build for an upcoming Fedora release is pretty similar to a Rawhide build with a few key differences:

  • the branches are named differently

  • you need to create a Bodhi update so that the build actually reaches the stable package repository

So let’s enumerate the steps that doe something differently in more detail (we use Fedora 28 in the CLI examples):

  1. merge f<fedora version>-devel to f<fedora version>-release

git checkout f28-devel
git pull
git checkout f28-release
git pull
git merge --no-ff f28-devel
  1. push the f<fedora version>-release branch to the remote

git push f28-release --tags
  1. if you don’t have it yet checkout Anaconda from Fedora distgit, switch to the f<fedora version> branch & make sure it’s up to date

cd <some folder>
fedpkg clone anaconda
fedpkg switch-branch f28
git pull

As this is a build for a upcoming Fedora release we need to also submit a Bodhi update:

  1. create a Bodhi update from the command line (from the distgit folder)

  • you can only do this once the Koji build finishes successfully

  • it’s also possible to create the update from the Bodhi web UI

fedpkg --update

Next an update template should open in your editor of choice - fill it out, save it & quite the editor. A link to the update should be returned and you should also start getting regular spam from Bodhi when anything remotely interesting happens with the update. :)

Releasing during a Fedora code freeze

There are two generally multi-week phases during which the upcoming Fedora release development a temporary code freeze:

  • the Beta freeze

  • the Final freeze

During these periods of time only accepted freeze exceptions and blocker fixes are allowed to reach the stable repository.

To reconcile the freeze concept with the idea that the -devel branch should should be always open for development and that it should be always possible to merge the -devel branch to the -release branch (even just for CI requirements) we have decided temporarily use downstream patches for package builds during the freeze.

That way we avoid freeze induced cherry picks that might break merges in the future and can easily drop the patches once the freeze is over and resume the normal merge-devel-to-release workflow.

How it should work

Once Fedora enters a freeze:

  • all freeze exceptions and blocker fixes are cherry picked into patch files

  • patch files are added to distgit only as downstream patches

Once Fedora exits the freeze:

  • drop the downstream patches and do merge based releases as before

Branching for the next Fedora release

Anaconda uses separate branches for each Fedora release to make parallel Anaconda development for Rawhide and next Fedora possible. The branches are named like this:

  • f<number>-devel

  • f<number>-release

The -devel branch is where code changes go and it is periodically merged to the master branch. The -release branch contains release commits and any Fedora version specific hotfixes.

Create new localization branch for Anaconda

First thing which needs to be done before branching in Anaconda is to create a new localization branch which will be used by the new Anaconda branch.

Start by cloning translation repository (ideally outside of Anaconda git) and enter this repository:

git clone git@github.com:rhinstaller/anaconda-l10n.git
cd anaconda-l10n

Create a new localization directory from master directory:

cp -r master f<version>

Add the new folder to git:

git add f<version>

Commit these changes:

git commit -m "Branch new Fedora <version> from master"

Push new localization directory. This will be automatically discovered and added by Weblate service:

git push origin

Enable Cockpit CI for the new branch

Anaconda is using the Cockpit CI infrastructure to run Web UI test. Cockpit CI tests are triggered automatically for for all listed projects and per-project branches. To enable Cockpit CI in automatic mode for the new Fedora branch, our new f<version>-devel branch needs to be added under the ‘rhinstaller/anaconda’ key in the file. The end result could look like this:

‘rhinstaller/anaconda’: {
‘master’: [


], ‘f36-devel’: [


], ‘_manual’: [ ]


Just fork the repo cockpit-project repo and submit the change to lib/testmap.py as a PR. In case something is not clear (such as what are the valid target strings - fedora-35/rawhide, fedora-36, etc.) reach out to the #cockpit IRC channel on libera.chat.

How to branch Anaconda

First make sure that localization branch for the next Fedora is already created.

Create the -devel branch:

git checkout master
git pull
git checkout -b f<version>-devel

Create the -release branch:

git checkout master
git pull
git checkout -b f<version>-release

Switch to f<version>-release branch for Fedora specific settings:

git checkout f<version>-release

Edit branch specific settings:

vim ./branch-config.mk

And change content according to comments in the file.

Then correct pykickstart version for the new Fedora release by changing all occurrences of the DEVEL constant imported from pykickstart for the F<version> constant. This has to be done on f<version>-release branch only. For example:

from pykickstart.version import DEVEL as VERSION


from pykickstart.version import F29 as VERSION

Pykickstart generally does not do per Fedora version branches, so this needs to be done in the Fedora version specific branch on Anaconda side.

Commit the result. The commit will become one of the few exclusive release branch commits, as we can’t let it be merged back to master via the devel branch for obvious reasons.

After doing this, please verify that Pykickstart supports Fedora <version> and <version + 1> if not, please file an issue on the Pykickstart project. The Pykickstart support for future release of Fedora will prevent issues during the next branching.

Check if everything is correctly set:

make check-branching

Next adjust the f<version>-devel branch:

git checkout f<version>-devel

Edit branch specific settings:

vim ./branch-config.mk

And change content according to comments in the file.

The branch-config.mk adjustments of f<version>-devel are needed to make our CI work correctly for PRs opened on the branch.

The Pykickstart related changes are not needed for the CI to work, so they are only on r<version>-release.

NOTE: These changes will propagate to the master branch first time the f<version>-devel branch is merged back to master. To avoid these causing issues, revert the commit making these changes on the master branch. And longer term we need to do this in a more robust manner. Possibly like Cockpit CI with a separate table of values of per project branches ?

If everything works correctly you can push the branches to the origin (-u makes sure to setup tracking) :

git checkout f<version>-devel
git push -u origin f<version>-devel
git checkout f<version>-release
git push -u origin f<version>-release

How to add release version for next Fedora

The current practise is to keep the Rawhide major & minor version from which the given Anaconda was branched as-is and add a third version number (the release number in the NVR nomenclature) and bump that when releasing a new Anaconda for the upcoming Fedora release.

For example, for the F27 branching:

  • the last Rawhide Anaconda release was 27.20

  • so the first F27 Anaconda release will be 27.20.1, the next 27.20.2 and so on

First checkout the f<version>-release branch and merge f<version>-devel into it:

git checkout f<version>-release
git merge --no-ff f<version>-devel

Next add the third (release) version number:

./scripts/makebumpver -c --add-version-number

If everything looks fine (changelog, the version number & tag) push the changes to the origin:

git push origin f<version>-release --tags

Then continue with the normal Upcoming Fedora Anaconda build process.

How to bump Rawhide Anaconda version

  • major version becomes major version +1

  • minor version is set to 1

For example, for the F27 branching:

  • at the time of branching the Rawhide version was 27.20

  • after the bump the version is 28.1

Make sure you are in the Rawhide branch:

git checkout master

Do the major version bump and verify that the output looks correct:

./scripts/makebumpver -c --bump-major-version

If everything looks fine (changelog, new major version & the tag) push the changes to the origin:

git push origin master --tags

Then continue with the normal Rawhide Anaconda build process.