Contribution guidelines

This guide describes rules for how to get your contributions into Anaconda. However, if you seek help with implementing changes in Anaconda, please follow our blog series or an addon guide to create Anaconda addon.

How to run make commands

Anaconda has plenty of dependencies and because of that it’s hard to set environment to with Anaconda properly. To get all the dependencies you are free to use script in the Anaconda repository.

Follow these steps to keep your machine clean from all the Anaconda dependencies. It will create a container where you can install all the dependencies. If you are not interested in dealing with container just skip this part and continue on the next one:

sudo dnf install toolbox
toolbox create
toolbox enter

To prepare the environment in the container or on your system just run these commands:

sudo ./scripts/testing/install_dependencies.sh
./autogen.sh && ./configure

How to Contribute to the Anaconda Installer (the short version)

  1. I want to contribute to the upstream Anaconda Installer (used in Fedora):
  • open a pull request for the <next Fedora number>-devel branch (f25-devel, etc.)
  • check the Commit Messages section below for how to format your commit messages
  1. I want to contribute to the RHEL Anaconda installer:
  • open a pull request for the <RHEL number>-branch branch (rhel7-branch, etc.)
  • check the Commits for RHEL Branches section below for how to format your commit messages

If you want to contribute a change to both the upstream and RHEL Anaconda then follow both a) and b) separately.

Which is my target git branch?

Depending on where you want to make your contribution please choose your correct branch based on the table below.

Fedora Rawhide master
Fedora XX fXX-devel
RHEL-X / CentOS Stream X rhel-x

Finding Bugs to Fix

The development team can mark bugs with specific keywords to show that they belong to a specific category. You can quickly list these by searching the Red Hat bugzilla for bugs in the anaconda component with specific keywords in Whiteboard:

(A single issue could potentially have more than one of these keywords.)

Patches for bugs without keywords are welcome, too!

Anaconda Installer Branching Policy (the long version)

The basic premise is that there are the following branches:

  • master
  • <next fedora number>-release
  • <next fedora number>-devel

Master branch never waits for any release-related processes to take place and is used for Fedora Rawhide Anaconda builds.

Concerning current RHEL branches, they are too divergent to integrate into this scheme. Thus, commits are merged onto, and builds are done on the RHEL branches. In this case, two pull requests will very likely be needed:

  • one for the rhel<number>-branch
  • one for the master or <fedora number>-devel branch (if the change is not RHEL only)

Releases

For specific Fedora version, the release process is as follows:

  • <next Fedora number>-devel is merged onto <next Fedora number>-release
  • a release commit is made (which bumps version in spec file) & tagged

Concerning Fedora Rawhide, the release process is slightly different:

  • a release commit is made (which bumps version in spec file) & tagged

Concerning the <next Fedora number> branches (which could also be called next stable release if we wanted to decouple our versioning from Fedora in the future):

  • work which goes into the next Fedora goes to <next Fedora number>-devel, which is periodically merged back to master
  • this way we can easily see what was developed in which Fedora timeframe and possibly due to given Fedora testing phase feedback (bugfixes, etc.)
  • stuff we don’t want to go to the next Fedora (too cutting edge, etc.) goes only to master branch
  • commits specific to a given Fedora release (temporary fixes, etc.) go only to the <next Fedora number>-release branch
  • the <next Fedora number>-release branch also contains release commits

Example for the F25 cycle

  • master
  • f25-devel
  • f25-release

This would continue until F25 is released, after which we:

  • drop the f25-devel branch
  • keep f25-release as an inactive record of the f25 cycle
  • branch f26-devel and f26-release from the master branch

This will result in the following branches for the F26 cycle:

  • master
  • f26-devel
  • f26-release

Guidelines for Commits

Commit Messages

The first line should be a succinct description of what the commit does, starting with capital and ending without a period (‘.’). If your commit is fixing a bug in Red Hat’s bugzilla instance, you should add `` (#123456)`` to the end of the first line of the commit message. The next line should be blank, followed (optionally) by a more in-depth description of your changes. Here’s an example:

Stop kickstart when space check fails

Text mode kickstart behavior was inconsistent, it would allow an installation to continue even though the space check failed. Every other install method stops, letting the user add more space before continuing.

Commits for RHEL Branches

If you are submitting a patch for any rhel-branch, the last line of your commit must identify the bugzilla bug id it fixes, using the Resolves or Related keyword, e.g.: Resolves: rhbz#111111

or

Related: rhbz#1234567

Use Resolves if the patch fixes the core issue which caused the bug. Use Related if the patch fixes an ancillary issue that is related to, but might not actually fix the bug.

Pull Request Review

Please note that there is a minimum review period of 24 hours for any patch. The purpose of this rule is to ensure that all interested parties have an opportunity to review every patch. When posting a patch before or after a holiday break it is important to extend this period as appropriate.

All subsequent changes made to patches must be force-pushed to the PR branch before merging it into the main branch.

Code conventions

It is important to have consistency across the codebase. This won’t necessarily make your code work better, but it might help to make the codebase more understandable, easier to work with, and more pleasant to go through when doing a code review.

In general we are trying to be as close as possible to PEP8 but also extending or modifying minor PEP8 rules when it seems suitable in the context of our project. See list of the conventions below:

  • Limit all lines to a maximum of 99 characters.
  • Format strings with .format() instead of % (https://pyformat.info/)
  • Follow docstring conventions. See PEP257.
  • Use Enum instead of constants is recommended.
  • Use super() instead of super(ParentClass, self).
  • Use only absolute imports (instead of relative ones).
  • Use ParentClass.method(self) only in case of multiple inheritance.
  • Instance variables are preferred, class variables should be used only with a good reason.
  • Global instances and singletons should be used only with a good reason.
  • Never do wildcard (from foo import *) imports with the exception when all Anaconda developers agree on that.
  • Use raise & return in the doc string. Do not use raises or returns.
  • Methods that return a task should have the suffix ‘_with_task’ (for example discover_with_task and DiscoverWithTask).
  • Prefer to use pyanaconda.util.join_paths over os.path.join. See documentation for more info.
  • Never call upper() on translated strings. See the bug 1619530
  • Names of signal handlers defined in .glade files should have the on_ prefix.

Merging examples

Merging the Fedora devel branch back to the master branch

(Fedora 25 is used as an example, don’t forget to use appropriate Fedora version.)

Checkout and pull the master branch:

git checkout master
git pull

Merge the Fedora devel branch to the master branch:

git merge --no-ff f25-devel

Push the merge to the remote:

git push origin master

Merging a GitHub pull request

(Fedora 25 is used as an example, don’t forget to use appropriate Fedora version.)

Press the green Merge pull request button on the pull request page.

If the pull request has been opened for:

  • master
  • f25-release
  • rhel7-branch

Then you are done.

If the pull request has been opened for the f25-devel branch, then you also need to merge the f25-devel branch back to master once you merge your pull request (see “Merging the Fedora devel branch back to the master branch” above).

Merging a topic branch manually

(Fedora 25 is used as an example, don’t forget to use appropriate Fedora version.)

Let’s say that there is a topic branch called “fix_foo_with_bar” that should be merged to a given Anaconda non-topic branch.

Checkout the given target branch, pull it and merge your topic branch into it:

git checkout <target branch>
git pull
git merge --no-ff fix_foo_with_bar

Then push the merge to the remote:

git push origin <target branch>

If the <target branch> was one of:

  • master
  • f25-release
  • rhel7-branch

Then you are done.

If the pull request has been opened for the f25-devel branch, then you also need to merge the f25-devel branch back to master once you merge your pull request (see “Merging the Fedora devel branch back to the master branch” above).

Pure community features

The pure community features are features which are part of the Anaconda code base but they are maintained and extended mainly by the community. These features are not a priority for the Anaconda project.

In case of issues in pure community features, the Anaconda team will provide only sanity checking. It is the responsibility of the community (maintainers of the feature) to provide fix for the issue. If the issue will have bigger impact on other parts of the Anaconda project or if it will block a release or another priority feature and the fix won’t be provided in a reasonable time the Anaconda team reserves the rights to remove or disable this feature from the Anaconda code base.

Below is a list of pure community features, their community maintainers, and maintainers contact information:

/boot on btrfs subvolume

Enable boot of the installed system from a BTRFS subvolume.